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Northamptonshire Analysis
The authority on Northamptonshire statistics

Children and Young People JSNA - Data Update

This is a refresh of data and indicators relating to children and young people and a comparison to the last published JSNA, January 2015.  The commentary and indicators have been measured against Northamptonshire’s performance in the last available data period to ascertain if performance has improved or otherwise.   The document focuses on identifying the areas in which there has been an improvement or deterioration in performance since the last data collection.

This refresh also gives updates on specific areas of focus for Northamptonshire, as identified in last year's full JSNA.

Executive Summary

The indicators have been split into domains, along the same lines as the CHIMAT JSNA toolkit.  There are five domains: Population, Social Place and Wellbeing, Lifestyles and Health improvement, Health and Wellbeing Status and Service Utilisation.  A final section has been added to look at the local priorities identified by the Northamptonshire Safeguarding Children Board.  These areas include Female Genital Mutilation, Young People Homelessness, Children Missing from Education, Home Educated Children, Emerging Communities (mothers not born in the UK), Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking Children and Child Sexual Exploitation.

For some of the local priority indicators, information and data is scarce, both locally and nationally.  A recommendation would be for adequate measures to be developed for these indicators.

An interesting picture develops when looking at emerging communities, whilst the percentage of births to mothers born outside of the UK is lower than the national average, the percentage of babies born to mothers born within the EU, particularly the ‘New EU’ countries that joined the EU since 2004, is higher than the national average.  Compared to the regional average and the average of our statistical neighbours, Northamptonshire has higher percentages of births to mothers who themselves were born outside of the UK.

Whilst some of the indicators for Northamptonshire still fall behind national and regional comparators, they have been rated green as a result of an increase in performance over the last data period.  These include:

  • Children eligible for and receiving Free School Meals
  • KS2 achievement in Maths, Science, Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling, Reading, Writing and Maths and Level 5 English
  • KS2 achievement for pupils from White and Mixed Race backgrounds.  The same measure for pupils from Black backgrounds is also below national and regional comparators and has fallen locally in the last year
  • A Level achievement/Level 2 qualification achievement
  • First Time Entrants to the Youth Justice System
  • Mothers smoking at the time of delivery
  • Under 16 Conception rates
  • Percentage of Looked After Children subject to a conviction, final warning or reprimand
  • Percentage of care leavers in suitable accommodation

 

The following lists describe the indicators that have shown a deterioration in performance, no change in performance or an improvement since the last available data collection period, respectively.  There are many smaller indicators contained within the broad areas listed, but for simplification this level of detail has been omitted from this summary.

In addition to informing whether indicators have been improving or declining year on year in Northamptonshire, the list has been colour coded, where statistical significance exists,  to identify which indicators are performing better than, similar to or worse than the England averages The identification code is a Red, Amber Green system, where a red indicator is performing significantly worse than the England average, a green indicator is significantly better than the England average and the amber indicators are similar to the England average.  Black text denotes the measures where a test of statistical significance against the England average is not available or possible.  This enables identification of an indicator that may have improved on last year, but may still be significantly below the England average, or conversely an indicator that has decreased that may still be performing above the national average.

Areas showing improvement since the last data point
Significantly worse than England average Similar to England average Significantly better than England average Unable to measure significance
Key Stage 2 achievement in English, Writing, Reading, Science, Grammar, Punctuation and Spelling Life expectancy at birth Children Living in Poverty Child Mortality: Deaths from All Causes
Level 2 and 3 qualification achievement by age 19 Infant Mortality Rate Key Stage 2 achievement for Chinese pupils Children eligible for and receiving free school meals
Early Years development Healthy weight in children aged 4-5 and 10-11 School absence Children aged 16 and under formally entering the Youth Justice System
  Breastfeeding initiation    
  Teenage conceptions    
  Child mental health admissions    

  

Areas showing deterioration in performance since the last data point
Significantly worse than England average Similar to England average Significantly better than England average Unable to measure significance
KS2 achievement in Maths Fixed period school exclusions  School achievement for Black pupils in particular Looked after children placed more than 20 miles from their homes
Key Stage 4 (GCSE) achievement for Chinese pupils Young people formally entering the Youth Justice System (predominantly as a result of young people aged 17 and above) Children in need: rate of CIN during the year per 10,000 children aged <18  
GCSE Results Hospital admissions caused by unintentional or deliberate injuries aged 0-14    
A level results      
Hospital admissions caused by unintentional or deliberate injuries aged 15-24      
Numbers of children killed or seriously injured in road traffic incidents      
Percentage of looked after children with a substance misuse problem      
Average time between a LA receiving court authority to place a child and deciding on a match      
Average time between a child entering care and moving in with its adoptive foster family - times are stopped when child moved in      
Referrals within 12 months of previous referral      

 

Areas remaining unchanged since the last data point
Significantly worse than England average Similar to England average Significantly better than England average Unable to measure significance
Hospital admissions as a result of self harm (10-24 years) Percentage physically active for at least one hour per day, seven days a week - 15 years Hospital admissions due to alcohol specific conditions, under 18's Primary school unauthorised absence - % half days missed
Percentage of looked after children with three or more placements Smoking (including use of e-cigarettes) Vaccination coverage (except PPV)  
PPV Vaccination coverage Percentage of 15 year olds who are regular drinkers    

 

The following is a list of indicators that have either increased or decreased in the last year. These are the indicators where an increase or decrease does not carry a better or worse value.

Increases  Decreases
Percentage of Black and Asian ethnicity children Birth Rates per 1,000
Numbers of children of Gypsy, Traveler, & Romany Descent Pupils with a Statement of Special Educational Needs
Numbers of pupils with English as an additional language Free School Meal Eligibility - January School Census
Looked After Children rate, per 10,000 children aged under 18 Percentage of school-age Children in Need with SEN
Number of children who ceased to be looked after because of a Special Guardianship Order Percentage of school-age Children in Need eligible for FSM
Percentage of children adopted from care Children in need with primary need at assessment of abuse or neglect
Children in need with primary need at assessment of family in acute stress Children in need with primary need at assessment of child's disability or illness
Referrals to Social Care by rate per 10,000 children aged under 18 years Children in need with primary need at assessment of parent's disability or illness
Referral that resulted in no further action Children in need with primary need at assessment of family dysfunction
Referrals that resulted in an assessment and the child was assessed as not to be in need Children in need with primary need at assessment of socially unacceptable behaviour
Number of children who were subject to section 47 enquiries which started in the year 2015  
Children who were the subject of an initial stage child protection conference which took place in the year  
Children who are the subject of a Child Protection Plan  
Rate of children who ceased to be the subject of a child protection plan during 2014-15 per 10,000 children  
Percentage of babies born to mothers not born in the UK  
Unaccompanied Asylum Seeking Children  

  

Findings

Birth Weight

The rate of babies born with low birth weight has increased between 2013 and 2014.  Rates remain below national averages, but the pattern of year on year reductions seen since a peak in 2010 has reversed in the last measurement period.

Breastfeeding

Breastfeeding initiation in Northamptonshire has improved between 2012/13 through to the latest data point at 2014/15 and is now comparable to national averages and above the average for the East Midlands region.  However the percentage of mothers breastfeeding at 6 to 8 weeks after birth is declining.  Data is not published for 2012/13 and 2013/14 for quality reasons, the percentage of 43.2 in 2014/15 is the lowest published percentage since 2010/11.  The national decline in this indicator is replicated in Northamptonshire and remains lower in the county than in England.

More information regarding Breastfeeding in Northamptonshire can be found in the Breastfeeding JSNA chapter here - https://www.northamptonshireanalysis.co.uk/jsna/breastfeedingjsna

School Readiness

Children achieving a good level of learning at foundation stage has seen increases for the last 3 years, with Northamptonshire now being only 1% point below the national performance of 66%. Corby is the lowest performing district with only 60% of children achieving this, compared to the children with the highest performance of 70% in both Daventry and South Northamptonshire.

Healthy Weight

The rate of 21.2% of children aged 4-5 classified as having excess weight is slightly below national and regional averages.  By age 10-11 the percentage of children with excess weight is still comparable to the England and East Midlands averages, but there is a significant rise to 32.4% of children having excess weight by the time they reach Year 6.

GCSE Results

GCSE results have fallen nationally and regionally as well as in Northamptonshire in 2015 compared to 2014, this means that our county is still some 5% points behind national performance in both 5+ A*-C including English and Maths and at KS4 basics (A*-C in English and Maths).  We are also below our comparator statistical neighbours by 6% points. There is an exception, progress in Maths from KS2-4, which saw an increase of 1% but remains 4% points below national rates.

There continues to be significant variation between ethnic groups, with Bangladeshi, Mixed White/ Black Caribbean, White/ Black African, Pakistani and other Black groups performing below their peers.  Those eligible for free school meals still perform worse than their peers, but the gap has narrowed in 2015 from 27.9 in the previous year to 27.1.
The gap between boys and girls has slightly widened due to boys seeing a greater decline in performance between 2014 and 2015.  

Teenage Pregnancies

Rates of teenage conceptions have improved between 2012 and 2014, the latest data available from ONS.  Whilst the rates for under 18’s are slightly higher than national and regional averages, the rate for under 16s is now lower than these comparators.  Last year the under 18’s rate was lower  than the comparators and the under 16’s rate was slightly higher.   Rates are falling for under 16’s and 2014 has seen Northamptonshire drop below the England average.  Corby and Wellingborough have the highest rates of conceptions in under 18’s, data at district level is unavailable for under 16’s.

Substance Misuse

150 young people aged 18 and under are on substance misuse treatment programmes in Northamptonshire. Another 123 have had contact with substance misuse services but have had no further contact or engagement or received a lower level of support.  85% of these used cannabis as their main drug of choice.  Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS) or ‘Legal High’ use was three times more likely in Northamptonshire than the national average, 16% of all users cited the use of NPS in addition to other drugs and also in some cases, alcohol.

Children in need of protection

In the last 2 years, the social care caseload has increased overall by approximately 700 children, with the main difference being in the complexity of the cases, so while it’s true that the numbers of children in need has increased, the proportion of the caseload who are subject to child protection plans or looked after has increased even more. The numbers of children subject to child protection plans increased by 35% between March 2014 and January 2016, although they seem to have stabilised over the recent months.  Our rate of children on CP plans has risen above national and statistical neighbour comparators during 2015.

The graphic below shows indicators in Northamptonshire that are better than the national average or fall below this comparator.

2016 Children's JSNA Indicators

 Northamptonshire Child Health Profile

Northamptonshire Child Health Profile - March 2016

 

Recommendations

  1. Develop a robust methodology of identifying priorities based on data analysis and evidence.
  2. Mapping current services against overall performance to understand what works across Public Health and Childrens Services’ provisions.
  3. Deep dive analysis in particular areas, such as Looked After Children, Care Leavers, Mental Health.
  4. Expand on the work carried out in regards to domestic violence to better identify risk factors and the impact on children

Domains 1 to 6

Domain One - Population

Domain One covers the following sections;

Children Living in Poverty

  • Ethnic diversity
  • Poverty, worklessness and family homelessness
  • Anti-social behaviour
  • Mortality

 

The detail for this domain can be accessed by opening the PDF version using the link below;

Domain One - Population (PDF format 376kb) 

Domain Two - Social Place and Wellbeing

Domain Two covers the following sections;Young re-Offenders Rate

  • Youth Justice
  • Domestic Abuse & Violence
  • Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE)
  • Key Stage 2 attainment
  • GCSE (Key Stage 4) attainment

 

The detail for this domain can be accessed by opening the PDF version using the link below;

Domain Two - Social Place and Wellbeing (PDF format 1.24MB)

Domain Three - Lifestyles and Health Improvement

Domain Three covers the following sections; PE2020

  • National Child Measurement Programme (NCMP)
  • Health Visitors and School Nursing
  • Vaccinations
  • Not in Employment, Education or Training (NEET)
  • Children & Young People using alcohol
  • Children & Young People using illicit drugs
  • Hospital admissions for alcohol specific conditions
  • Young People in treatment for substance misuse
  • Children & Young People smoking

 

The details for this domain can be accessed by opening the PDF version using the link below;

Domain Three - Lifestyles & Health Improvement (PDF format 1MB)

Domain Four - Health and Wellbeing Status

Domain Four covers the following sections;Mental Health

  • Early Help Families
  • Children and Young People killed and seriously injured on the roads
  • Life Expectancy
  • Children's Mental Health

The details for this domain can be accessed by opening the PDF version using the link below;

Domain Four - Health & Wellbeing Status (PDF format 1.45MB)

Domain Five - Service Utilisation

Domain Five covers the following sections; Young Northants

  • Care Leavers
  • Looked Afer Children
  • Children in Need of Help and Protection

 

The details for this domain can be accessed by opening the PDF version using the link below;

Domain Five - Service Utilisation (PDF format 413kb)

Domain Six - Local Priorities

Domain Six covers the following sections;

  • Emerging Communities
  • Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)
  • Homeless 16 to 17 year olds
  • In year school applications
  • Young Carers
  • Online safety
  • Unaccompanied asylum seeking children

 

The details for this domain can be accessed by opening the PDF version using the link below;

Domain Six - Local Profiles (PDF format 1.48MB)

 Full Children and Young People JSNA Data Update

The Full Children and Young People JSNA data update for Northamptonshire document can be accessed by clicking the link below;

Children and Young People JSNA Data Update (PDF format 5.25MB)

In addition to the full PDF document about there is also a data pack available.  The data in this pack is the base data that has been used throughout the assessment and is available in Excel format for users to be able to access and filter for individual needs.

Children and Young People JSNA Data Update - Data Pack - (XLS format 57kb)

 

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